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Sun's chamber - FIRE 

The Locality and its Gods

Subterranean chamber - earth
Queen's chamber - water
King's chamber - air
Sun's chamber - fire
Starry sky's chamber - aether

For the King or for the Priests?

Grand Gallery - fire on earth
To Gallery or water's chamber?
Interesting Ante-chamber
Earlier pyramids

The first time I got the idea to combine the elements with the chambers I had no idea it would end up with me claiming that logically there must be another chamber - and probably the most important - hidden in the pyramid above the wellknown ones.
The next problem is to consider its location more precisely, and to find the entrance. It's guessing, of course, but the sense of getting close makes it impossible not to speculate over it. It's funny, too. Wishfull thinking.

Tefnut's Chamber  
The water element's chamber is situated with its centrepoint exactly in 1/6th of the pyramid's original height of 280 cubits.Actually it is very appropriate to pinpoint the centrepoint of this chamber. Solomon's Seal symbolizes the connection between the lower elements and the higher ones, and water is capable of both elevating itself to mix with air like mist, fog, clouds, and to fall to the ground as rain - and be absorbed, moisturizing the soil. This was Tefnut's reign - the middle element.

Shu's Chamber 
had its ceiling in exactly the double height, at 1/3rd of the original height. This suits the comprehension of air is one of the lighter elements. It is the top element of the three close-to-earth elements earth, water and air.

Wouldn't it be logical to presume that the ceiling of the Sun's Chamber is to be found at 2/3rd of the original height? Which is 186 2/3rd cubits or 97.74 metres above the ground.

The Sun Chamber's height
I have had some fun testing different heights and sizes for the chamber and have come to this: 6 2/3rd cubits below the ceiling (which we just decided to be 186 2/3rd cubits above ground level) we are at 180 cubits, exactly 100 cubits under the top. This is also an interesting height, and I would guess that either the floor is here, or this height is at the middle of the chamber.
The point exactly 100 cubits below the top is the center of some nice circles (see dwg). They seem to touch interesting points at the top, at the sites where the air shafts hit the surface, at the top step in the Grand Gallery, and maybe also at the floor of the King's Chamber. I don't know if it was intended, but it looks nice!

I also noticed that lines through the southern wall's center from the ground at the pyramids northern corner and at the middle points towards the Sun's position at winter- and summer solstices. If all of this really was planned it must have been done by a very ingenious Egyptian architect with good drawing skills. Did they have those skills? I don't know. On the other hand, if you were able to think this out and draw it, you would very much want the pyramid to be built as close to the drawing as possible, with long straight lines. Regarded as the result of the mind of an architect the pyramid is a masterpiece of simplicity reminding of Japanese or Scandinavian architecture at its best.

With the proposed size and placement of the Sun's Chamber each chamber "governs" one kardinal direction: the Sun's Chamber naturally points to the east ('ild') where the Sun was reborn every morning, and the burial chamber, Geb's earth element chamber, naturally points to the west ('jord'), where the sun dies.
Water ('vand') and air ('luft') are more mysterius choses.

Water-level plan

There is one size and placement in water-level plan which supplements the total layout and gives meaning to the south-north-east-west placement of all the lower chambers.
If the chamber has a square layout 21 cubits north-south as well as east-west and is placed with one corner directly under the pyramid top you will see that each chamber is placed a little more in one direction than the other chambers. (The Starry Sky's chamber was centered around the pyramid top. It seems not to be a part of this game with the cardinal points and is not drawn in here - confirming that Ra had taken over the main role from Atum's original universal reign which was left over to Nut).
The Sun's Chamber lies to the east while the earth chamber lies to the west. Shu's air chamber lies to the south, and Tefnut's water chamber to the north.

Important south-east direction

The well in the subterranean chamber is pretty close to be center of the Sun's Chamber, but not exactly. This difference annoys me a bit, but the 45 degree turning of the well now gives meaning. Because the Sun's Chamber - we could call it the pyramid's heart - is situated in south-east direction from the pyramid center. It is in the direction to the sfinx, too.

Entrance to the Sun's chamber
Cheops's pyramid is unique in its vertical interior chamber system. Almost. Actually his father Seneferu's socalled 'Bent pyramid' has an interior chamber system which is also vertical. It is natural to look for similarities, and indeed we benefit from the comparison.

One of the most interesting features of this pyramid is that it is the only known pyramid to have two entrances, one as we know them from north and one from the west side of the pyramid. The west side entrance was opened from the inside by archaeologists - it was filled with stones and could not be seen from the outside.

This entrance led to the highest positioned chamber in the bent pyramid. A chamber which lays in south-east direction from the center. So - if Seneferu's bent pyramid had a sun's chamber with an entrance from west and an east-west directed corridor (following the sun's moving direction), why not his son Cheops?

This is my idea as to where the entrance is to be found. Here the pyramid is seen from above the north-western corner. The entrance to the known chambers is to the left on the northern side, while the entrance to the Sun's chamber is to the right on the western side.

Why two different entrances? Well, the north-to-south corridor system is leading to the chambers for the earthbound elements. We may compare with the two overall dominating nature-powers in Egypt: the Nile, running from south to north on the ground, whereas the Sun crosses the sky high above us in east-west direction. Maybe the 'entrances' should be regarded as exits instead, respecting the directions of the nature powers.



 the chamber for the starry sky - AETHER...