The Locality and its Gods(Intro)
Subterranean chamber - earth
Queen's chamber - water
King's chamber - air
Sun's chamber - fire
Starry sky's chamber - aether
For the King or for the Priests?
Grand Gallery - fire on earth
To Gallery or water's chamber?
In 5th and 6th dynasty a new phaenomenon occurs: instead of one big pyramid the kings appearently prefer to build not only a pyramid not quite so big as in the 4th dynasty, but at the same time a similar sized sun temple. Some claim this period to be the peak of the Sun worship, but it might as well be a solution to a conflict between the King's interests and the priesthood's. The pyramid did not just grant the King's glorious afterlife, it also may have functioned as temple involving rituals, the performance of which gave the priesthoods their importance.
Supposing some rituals were designed to take place inside the pyramid - the holyness of the pyramids can be compared with churches - there would be an inevitable conflict of interests. Should the priesthood be allowed to perform rites in and have access to the deseased king's pyramid, or should it be sealed to grant the king indisturbanned rest?
This off course implies
that Cheops deliberately chose to go back to the former solution with one
pyramid. The united forces could build the largest pyramid ever, then.
He may even have accepted ritual use of the pyramid for some years after his death - until his decessor had his pyramid/temple finished.
As early as in 1930 The
dane Johannes Hohlenberg 
described how a possible initiation could take place in the King's chamber. The
one who was going through the initiation process had to "die" in the
stone sarchophagus, possibly helped by euphorising drugs. Then "the
gods" would speak to him. Afterwards he would wake up, remembering that he
had been dead and now had come back to life, knowing for certain that the gods
existed and had spoken to him. Hohlenberg had no idea that there is an
extra chamber, the Sun's chamber, higher in the pyramid. So he figured it all
took place in the King's chamber.
One certain detail expecially supports this theory. High above the floor in the top end of the Grand Gallery a narrow tunnel leads to the lower of the 'construction chambers'. Archaeologists call it an inspection tunnel. But as Hohlenberg thought, a priest could crawl in here and play the role of heavenly voice.
cult rites were covered with rules of secrecy, we know from later descriptions
from ancient Greek and Roman sources. However, the Roman writer Apulejus has
revealed a small part of what happened when he himself was initiated in the Isis
cult, and curiously enough he speaks of the elements:
Johannes Hohlenberg: Keopspyramiden og dens hemmelighed (The Keops Pyramid
and its Secrets). Kbh. 1930
Apulejus: Det gyldne æsel
(the Golden Ass)
(the Golden Ass)
|to: Grand Gallery - fire on earth|